- October 9, 2015
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Obesity negatively impacts the health of women in many ways. Being overweight or obese increases the relative risk of diabetes and coronary artery disease in women. Women who are obese have a higher risk of low back pain and knee osteoarthritis. Obesity negatively affects both contraception and fertility as well.
Here is a list of risks associated with obesity in women at different stages of life:
Obesity in adolescents
Menstrual cycle abnormalities are most common in obese females. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome(PCOS) is the most common menstrual irregularity encountered. These patients have high insulin levels and the metabolism is adversely affected. Weight loss may offer a cheap and a safe way to improve the metabolic and reproductive profile of obese women with PCOD (poly-cystic ovarian disorder).
Obesity and Infertility
Infertility in obese women is more common due to defective formation of ovum. Obese women should understand that even for IVF cycles, they require longer duration of GnRH injection for ovulation induction. As there is low oocyte (ovum) yield and lead to increase in cancellation cycles and reduced pregnancy rates.
Obesity during pregnancy
An obese woman who is pregnant has an increased incidence of diabetes. The chances of developing Pregnancy induced hypertension, endometriosis, respiratory diseases like asthma and sleep disorders like apnea are also pretty high.
Obesity and Contraception
Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) have no large effect on weight gains but severely obese individuals should avoid OCPs and moderately obese should use it carefully.
Obesity and post-menopausal women
There is a higher incidence of endometrial carcinoma and foetal origin of adulthood diseases. The child will have increased incidence of polycystic ovarian syndrome, diabetes and hypertension.